The Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) decision in Bablok v. Freistaat Bayern has created considerable confusion and controversy among students and practitioners who follow European GMO regulation and GMO food labeling.

As our regular readers know, our policy is not to comment upon the merits of issues except on our Essays Page. Rather, we post original documents (when permissible under copyright law) for our professional readers who are not permitted to base their opinions upon secondary sources.

We recommend reading the full text of this controversial decision rather than relying upon media accounts. 

The complete text of the decision is posted below as well as the ECJ Press Release.